Community-based agencies have delivered quality healthcare while working under the yoke of a fee-for-service system for too long. Fee-for-service is one of our biggest problems. It is designed to reward volume over value, and measures outputs rather than outcomes. We also lose money on almost every encounter as the reimbursement rates have gone unchanged for eight years.
Illinois has taken a first step towards moving away from fee-for-service to Medicaid managed care. The overarching goal of Medicaid managed care is to create a system to more effectively coordinate care for the increased number of people covered due to Medicaid expansion through the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Making the shift to this model means we needed to develop strong partnerships with managed care entities. In 2013, we entered into a unique payer/provider partnership with IlliniCare Health/Cenpatico, a subsidiary of Centene Corp. The goal of this one-year pilot program was to improve the lives of 50 of IlliniCare’s most complex, high-risk behavioral health patients. The managed care organization paid us a flat rate to manage patients enrolled in its Integrated Care Program, many of whom were not receiving any mental or physical healthcare. Using a strategy of “relentless engagement,” the Thresholds’ team located the patients and gradually built trusting relationships with them. This new personalized concept, combined with the flat fee that guaranteed payment, allowed Thresholds to creatively pursue the best options for each client.
Reaching out to people with severe mental illness who have fallen between the cracks is crucial. At intake, 90% of Thresholds members are unemployed and living well below the national poverty line. Approximately half have co-occurring substance abuse conditions, and most have at least one advanced physical health problem, such as diabetes or heart disease.
The results of this partnership were highly encouraging: From March 1, 2013, to February 28, 2014, we saw a 50% overall reduction in behavioral health admissions, a 55% reduction in 30-day readmissions, and a 58% reduction in 90-day readmissions. There was also a 63% reduction in overall cost for psychiatric inpatient care.
In the next few months, Thresholds will be rolling out a crisis stabilization program with two local providers and IlliniCare Health to prevent unnecessary hospitalization.
We are also constantly seeking innovative partnerships. For example, 24 of our care coordinators are working in six Illinois counties in partnership with Blue Cross Blue Shield, coordinating care for around 2,000 men, women and children. These teams do comprehensive risk assessments, create and monitor individual care plans, coordinate referrals and resources, and provide health and wellness education.
We are building innovative partnerships with several other MCOs: we have value-based pilots underway with Cigna and Humana while pursuing value-based contracts with Aetna and Blue Cross Blue Shield. Through our partnership with CountyCare we receive an enhanced rate for services that creates flexibility and the opportunity to increase service capacity. We are also working at more than twenty Chicago area hospitals with an IlliniCare hospital linkage program, where we reach 150 to 200 clients each month. This program helps ensure that hospitalized patients with behavioral health needs are discharged to the appropriate level of care. It also helps the MCO meet important quality metrics for successful transitions of care.
We were able to forge this partnership because we operated in a managed care environment and developed a great relationship with IlliniCare. They are learning what we are good at: collecting data, keeping great records and passing audits.
In times of great transition or to forge stronger relationships, it is critical for community-based behavioral healthcare agencies to: