Massachusetts is ahead of the game when it comes to health care reform, having instituted its own in advance of the federal Affordable Care Act (ACA). The same can be said for the state’s electronic health record (EHR) system – even in behavioral healthcare.
Led by the Association for Behavioral Healthcare (ABH), a trade group representing community-based mental health and addiction treatment organizations in the state, providers and payers are working together with the encouragement of the state to standardize reporting of behavioral healthcare information. But there are many bumps on the road, and it’s not at all clear that all behavioral healthcare providers will actually be up to speed with EHRs by January 2014.
The Massachusetts Standardized Documentation Project (MSDP) is a statewide integrated development effort supporting behavioral healthcare providers at the community level, so that they can integrate their EHR efforts with other electronic health initiatives in the state.
Created by providers, payers, and consumers, the MSDP focuses on federal, state, and accreditation requirements that support services that are recovery-oriented and person-centered. The Massachusetts Department of Mental Health participated in MSDP development, and requires that all CBFS (community based flexible supports) providers use the standardized forms. The ABH runs the program that certifies EHR vendors to work with behavioral healthcare providers in the state (see Figure 1).
Every state’s problem
Systems can’t communicate when everyone enters different information – whether it’s on paper or electronically, explained Ben Jacoby, marketing coordinator for Defran Systems, an EHR provider which is one of the handful certified by the MSDP. The information, and the fields – locations on the electronic form where the information is entered – must be standardized, Jacoby told Behavioral Healthcare. “Standardization is a problem on many levels – among different states, within states among different agencies, and even within agencies themselves,” he said. But without this standardization, there can be no coordination of care.
The best standardization involves using an electronic health record, said Jacoby. Whether the patient goes to his primary care physician, or to a behavioral health agency, the continuity of care document goes with that patient.
One state’s solution
The solution is two-part: standardized forms, which can be on paper, and within EHR systems. Standardizing the language on paper is the first step, but there also has to be a second— adoption of EHR systems. That’s where the MSDP is working hardest to facilitate the transition.
Currently, the MSDP is finalizing its first review of the electronic forms, said Vicker V. DiGravio III, ABH president and CEO. Because payer requirements are not static, the forms have to be continuously updated. Running in parallel to the forms standardization effort is the accreditation process for EHR vendors, also managed by the MSDP. Once accredited by the group, EHR vendors are free to adapt the MSDP forms for operation in their EHR products and to market their products with an MSDP logo.
DiGravio noted that the MSDP’s process is “much less onerous” than the federal certification process for EHR vendors run by the Office of the National Coordinator at the Department of Health and Human Services.
Paper vs. EHR
Ironically, although the MSDP forms were designed to be used within EHRs and are much more cumbersome to use on paper, most providers are using them on paper, said DiGravio.
ABH members are enthusiastic about what the forms can do, especially in how easy the forms make it to comply with payer requirements, but providers can’t take this positive step until they make a much bigger leap to adoption of an EHR system. “A lot of providers are using the forms in paper format because they don’t have the money — the capital, or the reserves — to invest in an EHR system,” DiGravio said.
For IT vendors, this is frustrating since they know that there’s no return on investment for EHRs that aren’t yet implemented. One example: forms in an electronic format can “prepopulate,” meaning much of the information about a patient will be filled in automatically. “This saves administrative costs,” said Jacoby. A range of additional benefits is listed in Figure 2.
Later on, if states like Massachusetts can successfully steer agencies, payers, and providers toward standardization, significant additional savings can be realized. “Everyone needs to be speaking a compatible language,” said Jacoby. “If the electronic systems can’t communicate via that language – if they don’t know which fields to put information in – then the whole purpose of the standardization is lost. You may as well be using paper," he said.
“Our members would love to do it, but they don’t have the money,” said DiGravio. “That’s the challenge for us. If our members are going to stay in business and be part of the health care delivery system, they’ve got to use EHRs. Otherwise, they won’t survive.”
The experience of one of Massachusetts’ biggest providers indicates that the statewide standardization effort poses big challenges even for agencies that are already steeped in the use of EHR technology. Stanley Street Treatment and Resources (SSTAR), based in Fall River, has not one, but three EHR systems—a legacy of the “siloed” approaches so common in behavioral health until recently.