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Sheppard Pratt, Baltimore, Maryland

March 1, 2006
by Sheppard Pratt, Baltimore, Maryland
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Administrators at Sheppard Pratt in Baltimore completed an expansion of their facility by focusing on three goals. The first was to preserve the integrity of the original historic building while creating a new architecturally significant structure. In addition, the facility needed to support a new psychiatric care model. Healthcare leaders also committed to incorporating art throughout the campus.

The project involved both constructing a new facility and renovating the existing 114-year-old hospital. The design team had to place the new building's footprint on an extremely tight site situated between two historic buildings and surrounded by mature trees that were part of the original Frederick Law Olmsted landscape plan (Olmsted also designed New York City's Central Park).

The new hospital opened in 2005 and encompasses more than 240,000 square feet. Features include 192 acute-care psychiatric beds, nursing areas, clinics, ECT services, a gymnasium, and support spaces. A separate ambulance entrance enhances privacy for arriving clients and their families.

Photos provided by HDR. Photography by Ron Solomon.

The new care-delivery model involves a greater separation of public, staff, and client areas into onstage (public) and offstage (private) sequencing. Private corridors and treatment areas enable staff to move clients throughout the facility without entering public areas.

Balancing the needs for safety and a homelike atmosphere, private patient rooms include wood finishes on the trim and furniture, flooring with a residential look, blinds built into windows, and artwork. Each room has a private bathroom, with wall and floor tile and porcelain fixtures in lieu of the institutional-looking tile and stainless steel fixtures often found in secure facilities.

The renovation, which will be completed in mid-2006, will provide spaces for respite care; residential treatment for long-term, chronic psychiatric patients; day hospitals; and physician offices.