Behavioral healthcare providers that rely on public financing are facing an extremely tough year. The economy's nosedive is leading to steep state budget deficits, and many mental health and substance use care organizations are bracing for deep funding cuts at a time when many are trying to upgrade their information technology infrastructure.
Behavioral Healthcare talked to several members of the National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare about their IT plans during this rough time. While some have had to delay their IT plans, others are finding ways to move forward—even if more slowly than they'd like—as they recognize that effectively implemented IT is essential to reducing long-term costs and improving care.
Henrietta Weill Memorial Child Guidance Clinic in Kern County, California, was ahead of the curve when it adopted an electronic medical record (EMR) system in 1999. The private nonprofit outpatient mental health center had customized a vendor solution to provide the data and reports it needed. Then, in 2006, the county purchased an EMR system from a different vendor for all of its contracted providers, including the clinic, to use.
The organization planned on purchasing its own license of the software so it could transition all of its clients, not just those whose care was paid for by the county, to the new system. However, after public funding cuts in 2007, the organization could not afford to purchase the license. Thus, earlier this month it adopted the county-supported EMR system while maintaining its existing one. Ironically, although the clinic was an early EMR adopter, it was the last county-contracted provider to move to the new software, as the other organizations did not have existing EMR systems.
Because of the county's security limitations on how data can be accessed and manipulated, the clinic will not have the same reporting abilities it has with its existing system, which Executive Director David Camara, LCSW, says leads to “many uncomfortable compromises.”
“I'm sort of being gently forced to use the standard reports that come with the product, which means my ability to extract the information is there, but I have to now look at it differently. I have to put it together differently,” explains Colleen Sullivan, the clinic's administrative director. “That presents challenges for us as an organization on how to have clear access to get to that data, be able to write reports and extract reports, and still track and monitor how we're going to do so we can comply with all of our obligations.”
The organization does hope it eventually can purchase its own license when its funding environment improves. “When the opportunity presents itself, you can bet we're going to jump on it,” Sullivan adds.
Community Healthlink, Inc., in Worcester, Massachusetts, is implementing a customized EMR vendor solution, but it's taking longer than it had planned. A consultant had been training staff on the new system, but because of a $2 million loss in funding related to state budget cuts, the agency could no longer afford outside help (It also had to close four programs and layoff 35 employees). Consequentially, the center, which offers a continuum of behavioral healthcare services, is relying on in-house staff to train system users at its 40 sites, adding a year to the full implementation timeline, explains President and CEO Deborah Ekstrom.
A persistently rough funding climate actually is motivating Sacred Heart Rehabilitation Center, headquartered in Richmond, Michigan, to move ahead with implementing an EMR system.
“On the public side of things here in Michigan, the financing is incredibly tight, competition is very high, and the rates are, generally speaking, very low. So to manage that, part of our strategy is a conversion to an electronic record as well as other uses of technology to reduce our operating costs,” explains Sacred Heart President and CEO Grady Wilkinson, MSW, who was at the helm of Heritage Behavioral Health in Decatur, Illinois, when it won a Davies Award, a prestigious IT prize, in 2001. “A key strategy for us in managing the [state budget] reductions, let alone the continuing tightening of the margins, is to convert to the electronic record because of the cost savings we anticipate from it.”
As a residential and outpatient provider with nine locations, Sacred Heart has a complex documentation stream to manage, Wilkinson says, noting that implementing the EMR system will improve information gathering, storage, and dissemination. The goal is to position the organization as a leader in providing cost-effective, publicly funded care, and the EMR is part of that strategy.
“We're looking at the electronic record as improving the efficiency of our management of information, but also hopefully improving client care through both decision-support tools and the simple presence of information at [staff's] fingertips,” Wilkinson adds.
Henderson Mental Health Center in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, also faces painful cuts because of the state's budget gap, making “a bad situation essentially catastrophic,” says CEO Steven Ronik, EdD. Despite this dire outlook, the center plans on purchasing an EMR system in the coming months. The organization already has spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on hardware and cabling to prepare its 16 sites. It received help from foundations with this effort—and hopes to receive more assistance for the EMR upgrade.
“As part of our pitch we made it clear that at the end of the day, every dollar we spend less on infrastructure and every dollar we're more productive is another [for a] person we can help, is another hour of counseling, is another unit of case management we can provide,” Dr. Ronik explains.